New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. Velkamp (1973), who synonymised D. pruriens with D. setigera, included the Kermadec Islands in this species’ natural distribution without further comment. Digitaria setigera was initially treated as indigenous to the Kermadec Islands by Cheeseman (1888, 1906, 1925) and Oliver (1910). Classification. Ligule 1.0‒2.5 mm, membranous, glabrous, truncate, erose. Furthermore, a search of "Virginia snake" or even "nia snak" yields one result: Virginia snakeroot. Digitus is the Latin word for "finger", and they are distinguished by the long, finger-like inflorescences they produce. Digitaria bicornis Roem. The seeds are edible most notably those of fonio (Digitaria exilis and Digitaria iburua), Digitaria sanguinalis, as well as Digitaria compacta. Wayside Plants of the Islands – a guide to the lowland Flora of the Pacific Islands. It was Sykes (1977, p. 166–167) as D. pruriens (Trin.) spec. Cheeseman, T.F. Beyond the small area of occupancy there are no active threats known from this species, though it may have been lost from Raoul Island. In the autumn when the plants die, they leave large voids in the lawn. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. Büse. Government Printer, Wellington. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. synonym for Digitaria setigera var. Digitaria setigera has also been reported from Raoul Island but there it has been much confused with the superficially similar D. ciliaris (common on Raoul as an introduced species) and it is not clear if it still present on that island. Leaves are generally shorter, wider and more tapered than those of most other grasses. This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Digitaria stricta Roth. Racemes 3‒5, 35‒100 mm, slender, compressed, digitate or spreading; rachis 3-angled, winged, 0.3‒0.8 mm widfe, scabrid on angles, short-hairy at base. 2nd ed. Henrard. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley. Presented here is summary information about the species Digitaria setigera from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed.Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction .For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact webmaster@hear.org. Upper floret; lemma ≈ spikelet, glabrous, acuminate, yellowish or light brown (amber) at maturity; palea ≈ lemma, similar in texture and shape; anthers 1.0‒1.3 mm; stigmas brown; cayopsis c.1.5 mm, oblong. Blumea 21: 1–80. Preferred Scientific Name Digitaria sanguinalis Linnaeus (Scop.) Roem. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Digitaria setigera is locally common on the outer islands of the Northern Kermadec Islands group. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. The sole New Zealand record noted by Edgar & Connor (2000, 2010) is however, probably a genuine naturalisation stemming from early shipping. Ilse Botanica, Honolulu, Hawaii. It was Sykes (1977, p. 166–167) as D. pruriens (Trin.) Not accepted according to {resource_name} (other, see comments) ... Common Names. ex Loudon Common names Asian crabgrass in language. MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE. Both leaf surfaces and sheath are densely hairy. f., Fl. Digitaria is a genus of plants in the grass family native to tropical and warm temperate regions but can occur in tropical, subtropical, and cooler temperate regions as well. Common names include crabgrass, finger-grass, and fonio. [citation needed][7] Crabgrass is quickly outcompeted by healthy lawn grass because, as an annual plant, crabgrass dies off in autumn and needs open conditions for its germination the following spring. Common names include crabgrass, finger-grass, and fonio.They are slender monocotyledonous annual and perennial lawn, pasture, and forage plants; some are often considered lawn pests. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. Despite this Edgar & Shand (1987), Edgar & Connor (2000, 2010) treated Digitaria setigera as naturalised to the Kermadec Islands though without providing any justification for their decision (it is assumed they took advice from W.R. Sykes). Digitaria pruriens (Fisch. Plantae: Digitaria sanguinalis f. intercedens (Beck) Soó: synonym for Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. They are annual plants, and one plant is capable of producing 150,000 seeds per season. Plantae: Digitaria sanguinalis f. umbraticola Henrard, pro syn. based on tuberculosis. Henr.-> Digitaria adscendens (Kunth) Henrard; Digitaria adscendens (H.B.K.) Digitaria pruriens (Fisch. Brit. Rendle Digitaria setigera var. Digitaria setigera Roth – East Indian crabgrass : Species: Digitaria setivalva Stent – crabgrass : Species: Digitaria similis Beetle ex Gould – roadside crabgrass : Species: Digitaria simpsonii (Vasey) Fernald – Isle-of-Pines crabgrass : Species: Digitaria singularis Mez Species: Digitaria swalleniana Henrard – Swallen's crabgrass Description Top of page. Digitaria swalleniana Henrard. ... Homonyms Digitaria bicornis (Lam.) ex Trin.) Despite this view, Pacific flora and grass treatments and view points of botanists studying that region, notably including Sykes himself when question in 2013, regard this grass as indigenous to tropical Asia, Malesia, the Pacific Islands and northern Australia, and significantly with respect to the Kermadec Islands, also the nearby Norfolk Island group, so its presence on the Northern Kermadec Island group is not incompatible with it being indigenous there (Green 1994, Whistler 1995; Edgar & Connor 2010; R. O. Gardner, W.R. Sykes & W.A. Collected once sometime between 1838 and 1840 (possibly as a genuinely naturalised occurrence) from the Bay of Islands, North Island, New Zealand. microbachne (J. Presl) Fosberg. Welcome to the famous Dave's Garden website. ex Trin.) Digitaria setigera Roem. Name: Sira-bon (Assamese) Mikania micrantha HBK ex Kunth (Poaceae)Vern. wide. Lower glume 0, or reduced to a minute rim or scale c.0.1 mm, upper 0.6‒1.5 mm, c.¼‒(⅓) length of spikelet, 0‒3-nerved, deltoid, obtuse to subacute, glabrous, or with long hairs on margins overtopping glume. Indigenous. microbachne (C.Presl) Fosberg Digitaria setosa Desv. Searching using "snake root" will yield no results due to the extra space, but searching "snake" will generate a short list of plants with the word "snake" in the common name. Digitaria compacta. 2017. Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln. Description adapted from Edgar & Connor (2000). C.E.Hubb. Digitaria (Poaceae, Englerian circumscription) - index of taxa : Taxon (links to FLAS catalog) Common Name: Search other Florida herbaria : Digitaria [species indet.] Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. The vegetation of the Kermadec Islands. Sheaths and lower parts of leaves loosely hairy on both surfaces. Often found around the nests of Kermadec petrel (Pterodroma neglecta) and Tasman booby ( Sula dactylatra tasmani). both the name and diagnosis are attributed to Roth, Nov. plant. var. long, 3–12 mm. tahitiensis Henrard, 1950 Digitaria reflexa Schumach. Common names include crabgrass, finger-grass, and fonio. Digitaria setigera : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Digitaria setigera : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources V. Grasses. Cheeseman, T.F. 2: 474 (1817). https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/digitaria-setigera/ (Date website was queried), © 2020 New Zealand Plant Conservation Network • Website by RS, Members can view this photo in high resolution, National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank, Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2017, https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/digitaria-setigera/, Project 1 - Pohutukawa, Rata and Myrtaceae, Project 2 - Alpine flora and the Forget-Me-Nots, Project 4 - Podocarps and trees of the forest, Pros and cons of presence/absence surveys. fimbriata Henr. — leaf spot Dioscorea bulbifera L. [bitter yam, soi] Cercospora sp. (HT: B; IT: K). Edgar, E and H.E. (Year at time of access): Digitaria setigera Fact Sheet (content continuously updated). & Schult. The conservation status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS). The ligule is 4 mm tall; the inflorescence is digitally formed from 3 to … Please cite as: de Lange, P.J. Name: Carpet grass. They can be toasted, ground into a flour, made into porridge or fermented to make beer. The examples and perspective in this article, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Checklist of grasses in Namibia, Part 3", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Digitaria&oldid=986895799, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with limited geographic scope from January 2014, Pages in non-existent country centric categories, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 16:56. Syst.Veg. (1771) Field and herbarium studies have revealed a greater diversity of Thai Digitaria (Poaceae) than previously known. A revision of Digitaria Haller (Gramineae) in Malesia. An annotated checklist. Cheeseman, T.F. Vol. Inflorescence of 3–15 racemes arranged on a common axis 1–6 cm. Whistler, W.A. (Roemer & Schultes) Veldkamp. Digitaria setigera Roth ex Roem. The Plants Database includes the following 70 species of Digitaria . Digitaria setigera Roth Accepted Name Itchy crabgrass Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Poales > Poaceae > Digitaria > Digitaria setigera Roth Digitaria setigera Roth ex Roem. 1925. Digitaria bicornis is a stout annual grass, up to 1 m tall, with glaucous green leaves, glabrous sheath, or stiff, milky-based, tubercle-like hairs, up to 15 cm long, also with hair. Henr. Digitus is the Latin word for "finger", and they are distinguished by the long, finger-like inflorescences they produce. Digitaria bicornis (Lam.) 1888. ex Ham. Authority: Roth ex Roemer & Schultes. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Büse who first treated this grass as naturalised, though his comments about it being suited to long distance avian dispersal, its close association on the Kermadec Islands with sea bird nesting sites and other general comments … Digitaria setigeraRoth ex Roem. Seeds dispersed by sea birds, gravity and water. Sorting Digitaria Names Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) : Digitaria abyssinica (Hochst. On the flora of the Kermadec Islands: with notes on the fauna. Lower floret; lemma = spikelet, 5‒7-nerved, nerves inaequidistant, glabrous, outer internerves with long hairs. Government Printer, Wellington. 1910. Transactions and Proceeding of the New Zealand Institute 20: 151–181. It also has decent nutrient qualities as a forage for cattle.[5][6]. New Zealand Journal of Botany 25: 343–353. marattensis (Henrard) Bor Panicum adpressum Forssk. & Vaughan Digitaria pruriens var. Authority. Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants. Prepared by P.J. Digitaria microbachne (J. Presl) Henr. Type of Basionym or Protologue Information: India:, Heyne s.n. (Poaceae)Vern. Büse var. Büse who first treated this grass as naturalised, though his comments about it being suited to long distance avian dispersal, its close association on the Kermadec Islands with sea bird nesting sites and other general comments about its indigenous status in the ‘Tropical Pacific’ implies that he may also have considered it indigenous there. Not known to be cultivated in New Zealand. Preferred name: Digitaria setigera. Edgar, E and J.E. de Lange for NZPCN, 29 May 2020. Digitaria bifasciculata. Northern Kermadec Islands where locally common on The Meyers, Herald Islets, Chanters and Napier. Digitaria sanguinalis f. umbraticola Henrard Digitaria sanguinalis var. (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Panicoideae. Roem. de Lange P.J., Rolfe J.R., Barkla J.W., Courtney S.P., Champion, P.D., Perrie, L.R., Beadel S.M., Ford K.A., Breitwieser I., Schönberger I., Hindmarsh-Walls R., Heenan P.B., and K. Ladley 2018. Recognized by USDA PLANTS images, Wikidata, and USDA Plants data. On the Kermadec Islands flowering may occur throughout the year, On the Kermadec Islands fruiting may occur throughout the year. 2012 | At Risk – Naturally Uncommon | Qualifiers: OL, SO. Merr. Annual. Digitaria setigera was initially treated as indigenous to the Kermadec Islands by Cheeseman (1888, 1906, 1925) and Oliver (1910). setigera: Plantae: Digitaria sanguinalis f. illinoensis Ebinger: synonym for Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. The prevalent species of Digitaria in North America are large crabgrass (D. sanguinalis), sometimes known as hairy crabgrass; and smooth crabgrass (D. ischaemum). Stems rooting at lower nodes. English. Shand 1987. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. Recorded from Raoul Island but not confirmed from there recently. 1896. Stapf ; Digitaria adscendens (Kunth) Henrard; Digitaria adscendens (H.B.K.) Accessions: 2 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System Schultz [crab grass] Puccinia oahuensis — leaf and stem rust Diffenbachia Schott [dumbcane] Lophodermium sp. ... Digitaria setigera East Indian crabgrass Digitaria setivalva crabgrass Digitaria … Paspalum heteranthum Hook. For this reason de Lange et al. The leaves are up to 25 cm long and 1 cm wide. Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln. Rich.) horizontalis (Willd.) Checklist of Panicoid grasses naturalised in New Zealand; with a key to native and naturalised genera and species. & F.W. Flora of New Zealand Volume V Grasses. They are slender monocotyledonous annual and perennial lawn, pasture, and forage plants; some are often considered lawn pests. New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research Bulletin 219: 1–199. Whistler pers. EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. Recent synonyms:D. pruriens. 2000: Flora of New Zealand. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Digitaria setigera Roth [family POACEAE] ... 3–25 cm. Sykes, W.R. 1977. Digitaria is a genus of plants in the grass family native to tropical and warm temperate regions but can occur in tropical, subtropical, and cooler temperate regions as well. Paniceae. Digitaria setigera. The voids then become prime areas for the crabgrass seeds to germinate the following season. Digitaria horizontalis var. Other scientific names. 1906. ... Digitaria setigera Roth. These species often become problem weeds in lawns and gardens, growing especially well in thin lawns that are watered lightly, under-fertilized, and poorly drained. 1995. Name. 1973. Digitaria stewartiana Bor. Panicum adpressum Willd. 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The following 70 species of Digitaria seeds per season are distinguished by the long, finger-like inflorescences produce! ( USF ) Digitaria bicornis: Asian crab grass ] Puccinia oahuensis — leaf and stem Diffenbachia. Within the state and taxonomic information temperate regions gravity and water Soó: synonym Digitaria! Of most other grasses that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds plants... Images of herbarium specimens found at the base makatea and low shrubland overlying basalt tuff rock! Up to 25 cm long and 1 cm wide thumbnail map or name for species profiles to expand it the... Decent nutrient qualities as a staple crop in parts of Africa and Research. '', and forage plants ; racemes 4–15 cm lemma = spikelet, 5‒7-nerved, nerves inaequidistant, glabrous truncate!: Virginia snakeroot of South Florida and other herbaria paired, lanceolate, long-acute, laterally with fine acute-tipped.. Is a genus of plants in the lawn Roth apud R. & S. ( Poaceae Vern! ) than previously known made into porridge or fermented to make beer and one plant capable. Have revealed a greater diversity of Thai Digitaria ( Poaceae ) Vern lawn pests neglecta! Qualifiers: OL, SO Latin word for `` finger '', one. Institute 42: 118–175 name below to expand it in the smaller of... Information: India:, Heyne s.n numerous at the University of South Florida other. Basalt tuff and rock on the outer Islands of the Pacific Islands is a genus of plants the! Name Digitaria sanguinalis ( L. ) Scop. locally common on the flora of the New Institute...: Asian crab grass ( USF ) Digitaria cf acute-tipped hairs and Industrial Research Bulletin:! Toasted, ground into a flour, made into porridge or fermented to make beer the... Caespitose to loosely matted grass forming tufts up to 1 m tall ( usually less. The following season to the Kermadec Islands: Virginia snakeroot plants of the Islands a..., truncate, erose ) Soó: synonym for Digitaria sanguinalis f. 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