[1] The DoD is headed by the Secretary of Defense. The Air Force uses 10% of the nation's aviation fuel. Leidos works extensively with the United States Department of Defense (4th largest DoD contractor FY2012), the United States Department of Homeland Security, and the United States Intelligence Community, including the NSA, as well as other U.S (JP-8 accounts for nearly 90% of its fuels.) Department of Defense Agencies, Field Activities, and others, (including Defense Agencies and DoD Field Activities), United States Department of Defense (DoD), Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency, Defense Technology Security Administration, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces, United States Military Entrance Processing Command, Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, United States Marine Corps Criminal Investigation Division, Air Force Office of Special Investigations, Special Access Program Oversight Committee, Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute, National Security Agency/Central Security Service, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs, American Forces Radio and Television Service, General Counsel of the Department of Defense, Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense, Assistant Secretary for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology, Assistant Secretary (Financial Management and Comptroller), Assistant Secretary of the Army for Installations, Energy and Environment, Assistant Secretary of the Army for Manpower and Reserve Affairs, Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Financial Management and Comptroller), Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Installations and Environment), Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Manpower and Reserve Affairs), Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research, Development and Acquisitions), Organization of the United States Marine Corps, Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Acquisition), Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Financial Management & Comptroller), Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Installations, Environment & Logistics), Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Manpower & Reserve Affairs), Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Alternate National Military Command Center, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_U.S._Department_of_Defense_agencies&oldid=993609036, United States Department of Defense agencies, Lists of government agencies in the United States, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Department of Defense Test Resource Management Center (DOD TRMC) [Field Activity], Electromagnetic Spectrum Operations Cross Functional Team (EMSO CFT), Close Combat Lethality Task Force (CCLTF), Protecting Critical Technology Task Force (PCTTF), Missouri River Regional Headquarters (CENWD-MR) (Former Missouri River Division), North Pacific Regional Headquarters (CENWD-NP)(Former North Pacific Division), Construction Engineering Research Laboratory (CECER), Department of Defense Test Resource Management Center, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 14:32. These are national-level intelligence services that operate under the jurisdiction of the Department of Defense but simultaneously fall under the authorities of the director of national intelligence. Finally, on the last day of the session, 29 September 1789, Congress created the War Department. The Department of Defense provides the military forces needed to deter war, and to protect the security of the United States. DIO will be added to the Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) List of Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) and Blocked Persons. Neither does it include defense spending that is not military in nature, such as the Department of Homeland Security, counter-terrorism spending by the FBI, and intelligence-gathering spending by the NSA. [36], As of 2019[update] the United States has eleven Combatant Commands, organized either on a geographical basis (known as "area of responsibility", AOR) or on a global, functional basis:[39], Department of Defense spending in 2017 was 3.15% of GDP and accounted for about 38% of budgeted global military spending – more than the next 7 largest militaries combined. It found that there was $125 billion in wasteful spending that could be saved over the next five years without layoffs or reduction in military personnel. The majority of the entire federal budget is mandatory, and much of the discretionary funding in the budget consists of DoD dollars. In the 2010 United States federal budget, the Department of Defense was allocated a base budget of $533.7 billion, with a further $75.5 billion adjustment in respect of 2009, and $130 billion for overseas contingencies. OSD also supervises the following Defense Agencies: Several defense agencies are members of the United States Intelligence Community. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Is the United States imposing sanctions on these persons by specifying them in this Guidance? This fuel usage breaks down as such: 82% jet fuel, 16% facility management and 2% ground vehicle/equipment. In mid-June 1775, after the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, the Second Continental Congress, recognizing the necessity of having a national army that could move about and fight beyond the boundaries of any particular colony, organized the Continental Army on 14 June 1775. The Department was established in 1947 and is currently divided into three major Departments—the Department of the Army, Navy and Air Force—and has a military staff of 1,418,542 (553,044 US Army; 329,304 US Navy; 202,786 US Marine Corps; 333,408 US Air Force). In electricity consumption, if it were a country, the department would rank 58th in the world, using slightly less than Denmark and slightly more than Syria (CIA World Factbook, 2006). President George Washington went to Congress to remind them of their duty to establish a military twice during this time. According to the 2005 CIA World Factbook, if it were a country, the Department of Defense would rank 34th in the world in average daily oil use, coming in just behind Iraq and just ahead of Sweden. They are arguing that excluding subsidiaries or affiliates creates a loophole and ignores the reality of capital markets, some of the people said. [41] Beyond 2021 the 27th secretary of defense is projecting the need for yearly budget increases of 3 to 5 percent in order to modernize.[43]. Secretaries of Military Departments, in turn, normally exercise authority over their forces by delegation through their respective service chiefs (i.e., Chief of Staff of the Army, Commandant of the Marine Corps, Chief of Naval Operations, Chief of Staff of the Air Force, and Chief of Space Operations) over forces not assigned to a Combatant Command. Because of the Constitution vests all military authority in Congress and the president, the statutory authority of the secretary of defense is derived from their constitutional authorities. They fulfill the requirements of national policymakers and war planners, serve as Combat Support Agencies, and also assist non-Department of Defense intelligence or law enforcement services such as the Central Intelligence Agency and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. According to Reuters, the Pentagon "annually reports to Congress that its books are in such disarray that an audit is impossible". [27][28][29][30], Following the Goldwater–Nichols Act in 1986 the Joint Chiefs of Staff do not have operational command authority, neither individually nor collectively, as the chain of command goes from the president to the secretary of defense, and from the Secretary of Defense to the commanders of the Combatant Commands. ", A unified combatant command is a military command composed of personnel/equipment from at least two Military Departments, which … This is a list of Agencies under the United States Department of Defense (DoD) which was formerly and shortly known as the National Military Establishment. [36] The Unified Commands are governed by a Unified Command Plan—a frequently updated document (produced by the DoD), which lays out the Command's mission, geographical/functional responsibilities and force structure. § 113) the head of the Department of Defense, "the principal assistant to the President in all matters relating to Department of Defense", and has "authority, direction, and control over the Department of Defense". "[36], A unified combatant command is a military command composed of personnel/equipment from at least two Military Departments, which has a broad/continuing mission. Deloitte provides industry-leading audit, consulting, tax, and advisory services to many of the world’s most admired brands, including 80 percent of the Fortune 500. The Deputy Secretary of Defense is in charge of the Defense Department’s day-to-day business. On 9/28/2018, President Donald Trump signed the Department of Defense and Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations Act, 2019 and Continuing Appropriations Act, 2019 (H.R.6157) into law. The latest version, signed by former secretary of defense Robert Gates in December 2010, is the first major re-write since 1987.[24][25]. [16], On 26 July 1947, Truman signed the National Security Act of 1947, which set up a unified military command known as the "National Military Establishment", as well as creating the Central Intelligence Agency, the National Security Council, National Security Resources Board, United States Air Force (formerly the Army Air Forces) and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Other significant legislation related to the Department of Defense includes: "DoD" redirects here. [56], In the latest Center for Effective Government analysis of 15 federal agencies which receive the most Freedom of Information Act requests, published in 2015 (using 2012 and 2013 data, the most recent years available), the DoD earned 61 out of a possible 100 points, a D− grade. [40] By 2019 the 27th secretary of defense had begun a line-by-line review of the defense budget; in 2020 the secretary identified items amounting to $5.7 billion, out of a $106 billion subtotal (the so-called "fourth estate" agencies such as missile defense, and defense intelligence, amounting to 16% of the defense budget),[41][42] which he will re-deploy to the modernization of hypersonics, artificial intelligence, and missile defense. Additionally, the Defense Contract Management Agency (DCMA) is responsible for administering contracts for the DoD. Stockholm International Peace Research Institute ( SIPRI ), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament, and International Security", Paul McLeary (February 05, 2020) SecDef Eyeing Moving Billions By Eliminating Offices, Legacy Systems, Mackenzie Eaglen (05 February 2020) Is Army Richest Service? In addition, four national intelligence services are subordinate to the Department of Defense: the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), the National Security Agency (NSA), the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA), and the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO). "[citation needed], The Department of Defense budget encompasses the majority of the National Defense Budget of approximately $716.0 billion in discretionary spending and $10.8 billion in mandatory spending for a $726.8 billion total. OSD also performs oversight and management of the Defense Agencies, Department of Defense Field Activities, and specialized Cross Functional Teams. Military operations are managed by eleven regional or functional Unified combatant commands. Most information on this list was taken from Government Information[permanent dead link]. View Department of Defense - Defense Intelligence Agency (www.dia.mil) location in District of Columbia, United States , revenue, industry and description. In a special message to Congress on 19 December 1945, the president cited both wasteful military spending and inter-departmental conflicts. After the end of World War II, President Harry Truman proposed the creation of a unified department of national defense. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF STATE BUREAU OF POLITICAL-MILITARY AFFAIRS WASHINGTON, D.C. 20520 In the Matter of: AeroVironment, Inc. A Delaware Corporation Respondent CONSENT AGREEMENT WHEREAS, the Directorate of Defense The secretaries of each of these departments reported directly to the president as cabinet-level advisors until 1949, when all military departments became subordinate to the Secretary of Defense. Since it is impractical for either Congress or the president to participate in every piece of Department of Defense affairs, the secretary of defense, and the secretary's subordinate officials generally, exercise military authority. A-Z List The first digital public sector supercomputer in the United States, the general-purpose ENIAC system was first deployed in 1946 to aid in the war effort and ran continuously from 1947 to 1955. The Department of Defense accounts for the majority of federal discretionary spending. Department of Defense also has its own human intelligence service, which contributes to the CIA's human intelligence efforts while also focusing on military human intelligence priorities. [55] The Air Force is the largest user of fuel energy in the federal government. [22] [21] By 2015, the discrepant funds had increased to $6.5 trillion for the army alone. This is a list of Agencies under the United States Department of Defense (DoD) which was formerly and shortly known as the National Military Establishment. The company boasts annual revenues in excess of $11 billion.Through its subsidiaries, Liberty serves over 11 million customers with a combined … 1984: Department of Defense Authorization Act, Department of Defense Test Resource Management Center, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 14:42. The Department of Defense is headed by the secretary of defense, a cabinet-level head who reports directly to the president of the United States. You can find the websites associated with the individual service branches and their social media apps below. [49] On 30 September 2018, the FY2018 Budget expired and the FY2019 budget came into effect. Under the Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1958 (Pub.L. The Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) is the secretary and his/her deputy's (mainly) civilian staff. The Department of Energy also funds scientific research in the field. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF STATE BUREAU OF POLITICAL-MILITARY AFFAIRS WASHINGTON, DC 20520 In the Matter of: Airbus SE Respondent ) ) ) ) ) _____ ___ ) ) ORDER WHEREAS, the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, Bureau of Political [14][15] The War Department handled naval affairs until Congress created the Navy Department in 1798. The Department of Defense also operates several joint services schools, including the Eisenhower School (ES) and the National War College (NWC). The Act clarified the overall decision-making authority of the secretary of defense with respect to these subordinate Military Departments and more clearly defined the operational chain of command over U.S. military forces (created by the military departments) as running from the president to the secretary of defense and then to the unified combatant commanders. State Department and some Defense Department officials want the executive order to have the widest reach, said people familiar with the matter. While it had improved from a failing grade in 2013, it still had low scores in processing requests (55%) and their disclosure rules (42%). Department of Defense photo Arms sales: $26.9 billion Country: United States The gap between America's top two defense firms, Lockheed Martin and Boeing, widened by $18 billion in 2017. In 2016, The Washington Post uncovered that rather than taking the advice of the auditing firm, senior defense officials suppressed and hid the report from the public to avoid political scrutiny. There are three Military Departments within the Department of Defense: The Military Departments are each headed by their own secretary (i.e., Secretary of the Army, Secretary of the Navy and Secretary of the Air Force), appointed by the president, with the advice and consent of the Senate. That large a number, if you back out the $30 billion for non-defense agencies, you get to $686 billion. Some pieces were taken from USA.gov. Navy? [46], In 2015 the allocation for the Department of Defense was $585 billion,[47] the highest level of budgetary resources among all Federal agencies, and this amounts to more than one-half of the annual Federal Expenditures in the United States federal budget discretionary budget.[48]. Colonel Gregory J. Lengyel, USAF, The Brookings Institution, Department of Defense Energy Strategy, August 2007. 3 G. On July 30, 2020, the United States Department of Justice submitted c laim 137848 in the bankruptcy of Purdue on behalf of HHS, DHA, and OPM alleging that, from 2010 to 2018, Purdue knowingly caused false, medically u nnecessary claims to be It owns hundreds of subsidiaries, affiliates, branches, brands, and divisions worldwide and employs approximately 55,000 people. The Department of Defense is composed of the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) and the Joint Staff (JS), Office of the Inspector General (DODIG), the Combatant Commands, the Military Departments (Department of the Army (DA), Department of the Navy (DON) & Department of the Air Force (DAF)), the Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities, the National Guard Bureau (NGB), and such other offices, agencies, activities, organizations, and commands established or designated by law, or by the president or by the secretary of defense. [58], Shortly after the 2020 Baghdad International Airport airstrike the Iranian parliament designated all of the U.S. military including the Department of Defense as a terrorist organization.[59][60]. AEI’s Eaglen Peels Back Budget Onion, McLeary (February 06, 2020) Flatline: SecDef Esper Says DoD Budgets Must Grow 3-5%, "United States Federal Budget for Fiscal Year 2010 (, "FY 2010 DoD Agencywide Agency Financial Report (, "Financial Improvement and Audit Readiness (FIAR) Plan Status Report", "Current & Future Defense Capabilities of the U.S.", "Federal Spending: Where Does the Money Go", "Titles - H.R.6157 - 115th Congress (2017-2018): Department of Defense and Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations Act, 2019 and Continuing Appropriations Act, 2019", "The FY2019 Defense Budget Request: An Overview", "FY2019 Budget Request Overview Book.pdf", Powering America’s Defense: Energy and the Risks to National Security, Making the Grade: Access to Information Scorecard 2015, "Pentagon buries evidence of $125 billion in bureaucratic waste", "Iran's parliament voted to classify the entire US military and the Pentagon as terrorist organizations days after Soleimani's assassination", "Iran's parliament designates all US forces as 'terrorists, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), Works by United States Department of Defense, Works by or about United States Department of Defense, Special Access Program Oversight Committee, Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, National Security Agency/Central Security Service, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs, American Forces Radio and Television Service, General Counsel of the Department of Defense, Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense, Assistant Secretary for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology, Assistant Secretary (Financial Management and Comptroller), Assistant Secretary of the Army for Installations, Energy and Environment, Assistant Secretary of the Army for Manpower and Reserve Affairs, Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Financial Management and Comptroller), Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Installations and Environment), Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Manpower and Reserve Affairs), Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research, Development and Acquisitions), Organization of the United States Marine Corps, Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Acquisition), Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Financial Management & Comptroller), Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Installations, Environment & Logistics), Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Manpower & Reserve Affairs), Air Force Office of Special Investigations, Alternate National Military Command Center, Joint Functional Component Command for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance, DEA Office of National Security Intelligence, Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, National Counterintelligence and Security Center, Cyber Threat Intelligence Integration Center, Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity, Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communications System, Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board, Federal executive departments of the United States of America, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=United_States_Department_of_Defense&oldid=994972764, Nuclear weapons infrastructure of the United States, United States federal executive departments, Organisations designated as terrorist by Iran, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from March 2018, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from April 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, National Intelligence Agencies under the Department of Defense, Military Departments of the Department of Defense.